What is PAN?
Permanent Account Number (PAN) is a ten-digit alphanumeric identifier, issued by Income Tax Department. Each assessee (e.g. individual, firm, company etc.) is issued a unique PAN.
Who can apply for PAN?
All existing assessees or taxpayers or persons who are required to file a return of income, even on behalf of others, must have a PAN. Any person, who intends to enter into economic or financial transactions where quoting PAN is mandatory, must also have a PAN.
Who can apply on behalf of minor, lunatic, idiot, mentally retarded, deceased and wards of court?
Section 160 of IT Act, 1961 provides that a minor, lunatic, idiot, mentally retarded, deceased, wards of court and such other persons may be represented through a Representative Assessee.
In such cases,in the application for PAN, details of the a minor, lunatic, idiot, mentally retarded, deceased, wards of court, etc. should be provided.
Details of representative assessee have to be provided in item 14 of the application for PAN.
Is it compulsory to quote PAN on ‘return of income’?
Yes, it is compulsory to quote PAN on return of income.
Do I need to apply for a new PAN when I move from one city to another?
Permanent Account Number (PAN), as the name suggests, is a permanent number and does not change.
Changing the address though, may change the Assessing Officer.
Such changes must, therefore, be intimated to ITD so that the PAN database of ITD can be updated. One can intimate change in address by filling up the form for Request for New PAN Card or/and Changes or Correction in PAN data. This form can be submitted at any TIN-FC or online at NSDL-TIN website.
Can I obtain or use more than one PAN?
Obtaining/possessing more than one PAN is against the law and may attract a penalty upto Rs.10,000. Therefore it is advisable not to obtain/possess more than one PAN. If you have more than one PAN, you should surrender the unused PAN by logging into ITD website at www.incometaxindia.gov.in.