Significance of the ‘REMARKS’ in TDS Returns

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For the different payment types, as per applicability, standard TDS rates are specified. Under certain provisions of the Act, there could be deviation from this standard deduction rate. The ‘Remarks’ column in the TDS Return is used when; either higher or lower deduction is applicable. If standard rate is being used, the ‘Remarks’ column normally does not apply. This article explains the usage of the ‘Remarks’ column in TDS Returns.

Some of the most commonly reasons where ‘Remarks’ is used, is summarized as under:

PERTICULARS CODE WHETHER PAN MANDATORY
In case of lower / no deduction based on Certificate u/s 197 issued by the IT Department to eligible deductors.

 

A YES
In case of no deduction on account of declaration under section 197A. (Allowed only for section 194, 194A, 194EE, 193, 194DA & 192A)

 

B YES
Higher Rate of TDS as may be applicable due to due to non-availability of PAN

 

C NO
In case of payment to Transporters under Section 194C, TDS is exempted on fulfilling certain specified conditions.

 

T YES
Transaction where tax has not been deducted, as amount paid/credited to the vendor/party has not exceeded the threshold limit. This may be reported with ‘no-deduction’ with the ‘Y’ code in the Remarks.

 

Y YES

Apart from the above there are other applicable reasons for lower / higher TDS where it needs to be reported in the ‘Remarks’ column.

For each of the TDS Returns (Forms 24Q, 26Q & 27Q) and TCS Return (Form 27EQ), the applicable ‘Remarks’ is summarized below:

PARTICULARS

CODE

 
Form 24Q – Reasons for ‘Lower / Higher / No Deduction’

 

 

In case of lower deduction on account of certificate under Section 197

A

In case of no deduction on account of certificate under Section 197A

B

Higher Rate of TDS as may be applicable due to due to non-availability of PAN

 

C

 
Form 26Q – Reasons for ‘Lower / Higher / No Deduction’

 

 
In case of lower deduction/no deduction on account of certificate under Section 197

A

In case of no deduction on account of declaration under section 197A. (Allowed only for section 194, 194A, 194EE, 193, 194DA & 192A)

B

Higher Rate of TDS as may be applicable due to due to non-availability of PAN

C

In case of payment to Transporters under Section 194C, TDS is exempted on fulfilling certain specified conditions.

 

T

Transaction where tax has not been deducted, as amount paid/credited to the vendor/party has not exceeded the threshold limit. This may be reported with ‘no-deduction’ with the ‘Y’ code in the Remarks.

Y

Form 27Q – Reasons for ‘Lower / Higher / No Deduction’

 

 
 
In case of lower deduction/no deduction on account of certificate under Section 197

A

In case of no deduction on account of declaration under Section 197A

B

Higher Rate of TDS as may be applicable due to due to non-availability of PAN

C

 
Form 27EQ (TCS) – Reasons for ‘Lower / Higher / No Deduction’

 

 
In case of lower Collection as per Section 206C (9)

A

Non Collection as per Section 206C (1A)

B

Higher Rate of TCS as may be applicable due to due to non-availability of PAN

C

Preparing Salary TDS Return – Form 24Q (Q4)

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