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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) on Form 16/16A

What is Form 16 / 16A?

It is the certificate of deduction of tax at source by any person in accordance with Chapter XVII-B of IT Act. Form 16 is issued on deduction of tax by the employer on behalf of the employee under section 192 of IT Act, 1961. Form 16A is issued if the deduction of tax is under any other provision of Chapter XVII-B of IT Act. These certificates provide details of TDS / TCS for various transactions between deductor and deductee. It is mandatory to issue these certificates to Tax Payers u/s 203 of IT Act, 1961.

Is there any format for these certificates?

Form 16 / 16A are issued as per the provisions of Rule 31(1).

How are these forms generated?

These forms shall be generated by TDS CPC on processing the quarterly TDS / TCS statements filed by deductor. Deductor will have to raise a request for the same on TRACES. Deductor shall have the option to digitally sign the certificates.

What is the due date for the issue of these certificates?

Sr. No. Form Periodicity Due Date
1 16 Annual

By 31st day of May of the financial year immediately following the financial year in which the income was paid and tax deducted

2 16A Quarterly

Within fifteen days from the due date for furnishing the statement of tax deducted at source under rule 31A

What should I do if I am not getting Form 16 from TRACES?

Ensure that you have filed Form 24Q for Quarter 4 with Annexure II. It is mandatory to file Annexure II giving actual particulars for the entire financial year, as Form 16 is generated on the basis of information provided in Annexure – II.

How are the particulars of those employees who are employed with more than one employer in a financial year to be shown in Form 16?

The employee should declare previous salary and TDS details, if any, with the current employer and the same should be considered by the current employer while deducting TDS on salary and issuing Form 16.

What can I do if I am unable to get the TDS certificate (Form 16 / 16A)?

It is the duty of every person deducting tax to issue a TDS certificate. In spite of your request, if you are denied the certificate then there is a chance that the tax deducted has not been deposited by the deductor to the government account. Please inform the department (PRO or TDS section) which will then do the needful.

I have not received TDS certificate from my employer. Can I claim TDS deducted from my salary?

Yes. The claim can be made in your return. Department, however, will raise a demand which will not be enforced on you but on your employer.

If a deductee comes back stating that the original TDS certificate is lost, can a duplicate certificate be issued?

Yes. Deductor will have to issue the duplicate certificate.

Even if no taxes have been deducted from salary, is there any need for my employer to issue Form 16 to me?

Form 16 is a certificate of TDS and in your case it will not apply. However your employer must issue a salary statement.

If I am receiving my pension through a bank who will issue Form 16 or pension statement to me – the bank or my former employer?

The bank will issue Form 16.

Can deductor download Form 16 without being registered on TRACES?

No, only registered user (deductor) on TRACES can download Form 16 / 16A.

While submitting request to download Form 16 / 16A, deductor has entered details correctly in Part 1 and Part 2 in validation details screen, yet it shows error as ‘Invalid Details’ in Part 1 and Part 2. What should deductor do?

Details to be filled in validation screen should be exactly the same as reported in the TDS statement. If you have filed any correction statement, Token Number and other details should be as per the latest correction statement.

I am unable to download Form 16 / 16A as the number of PANs for which Form 16 / 16A were submitted was higher, however the PDFs generated were less. What should I do?

Check the status of the PANs for which Form 16 / 16A has not been generated. These PANs might be with inactive status or not present in the TDS statement filed.

What is the password for opening Form 16 / 16A text file?

The password for opening Form 16 / 16A will be your TAN in capital letters, i.e., AAAA11111A.

Registered user on TRACES has updated the communication and address details on TRACES. However while downloading Form 16A, it shows a different address. How can deductor edit address details in Form 16A?

Details updated in ‘Profile’ section of your TRACES account will be saved only in TRACES and will not be updated in TAN database. To change details in TAN database, submit TAN change request form (Form 49B) at

Can I make any changes in the certificate generated by TDS CPC?

The certificates shall be generated in PDF format, therefore they are not editable. Deductor is thereby not permitted to make changes to these certificates. If any error is identified in the certificate, deductor will have to file a correction statement for the same.

Can Form 16 (Part A) / Form 16A be issued manually?

No. Only the Form 16 (Part A) / Form 16A downloaded from TRACES are considered as valid TDS certificates, as per CBDT circular 04/2013 dated 17th April, 2013.

What should I do in case company name is updated incorrectly in Form 16 (Part A) / Form 16A?

You need to check the respective quarterly statement and file a correction for the same. After filling correction, download Form 16 (Part A) / Form 16A.

How can I edit or add detail of authorized person in Form 16 / Form 16A?

Details of authorized person can be updated in ‘Profile’ section of deductor’s account in TRACES.

Source: TRACES


Important information for downloading of TDS Certificates

Given below are some important information regarding downloading of TDS certificates. Refer to the following provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961:

Downloading of TDS Certificates from TRACES made mandatory:   

In this regard, your attention is invited to the CBDT circulars 04/2013 dated 17.04.2013, No. 03/2011 dated 13.05.2011 and No. 01/2012 dated 09.04.2012 on the Issuance of certificate for Tax Deducted at Source in Form 16/16A as per IT Rules 1962. It is now mandatory for all deductors to issue TDS certificates after generating and downloading the same from “TDS Reconciliation Analysis and Correction Enabling System” or (hereinafter called TRACES Portal).

TDS Certificates downloaded only from TRACES hold valid: 

In view of above circulars, it may kindly be noted that the TDS Certificates downloaded only from TRACES Portal will be valid. Certificates issued in any other form or manner will not comply to the requirements referred in the Income-tax Act 1961 read with relevant Rules and Circulars issued in this behalf from time to time.

Due Date for downloading and Penalty for non-compliance: 

Please be advised that under the provisions of section 203 of the Income Tax Act, 1961 read with rule 31A, Certificate of tax deducted at source is to be furnished within fifteen (15) days from the due date for furnishing the statement of tax deducted at source. Failure to comply with the provisions of the Act will attract penalty under the provisions of section 272A of the Act, a sum of one hundred rupees for every day during which the failure continues.

Assistance for downloading TDS Certificates from TRACES: 

You can logon to TRACES portal and refer to TRACES e-Tutorial to download TDS Certificates. For any further assistance, you can also write to or call our toll-free number 1800 103 0344.


Basic principles of TDS Compliance

The following are the basic principles of TDS compliance:

  1. Deduction/ Collection of Tax at Correct Rates.
  2. Timely Deposit of Tax Deducted at Source.
  3. Accurate Reporting of data related to tax deductions/ collections made.
  4. Submission of TDS Statements within the due dates.
  5. Verification and Issuance of TDS Certificates within time.
  6. CPC (TDS) is now sending “Intermediate Default Communication” for PAN Errors and Short Payments, which can be corrected during the interim period of a week of filing TDS Statements, before CPC (TDS) proceeds with computing Defaults for the relevant statement.
  7. User-friendly Online Correction facility can be used for Correction of Deductees, Tagging Unmatched Challans and Payment of Fees/ Interest. (Please navigate to Defaults tab to locate Request for Correction from the drop-down menu. For any assistance, please refer to the e-tutorial available on TRACES).
  8. Aggregated TDS Compliance Report assists the PAN of the Deductor to administer TDS Defaults for associated TANs and to take appropriate action.
  9. The Deductor’s Dashboard provides you all necessary information to assist you in “Compliance Self-Assessment” and to take appropriate action.
  10. Non-filing Self-declaration can be made by navigating to Statements / Payments menu and submit details under Declaration for Non-Filing of Statements.
  11. PAN Verification and Consolidated TAN – PAN File facility on TRACES can be used for verifying the deductees.
  12. The Conso Files and Justification Reports downloaded from TRACES help you to identify errors in submission of revised Quarterly TDS Statements.
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