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The taxpayer is entitled to TDS credit of its sister concern appearing in its Form 26AS due to an inadvertent error of a deductor


Recently, the Delhi High Court (High Court) in the case of Relcom1 (the taxpayer) held that the taxpayer is entitled to the credit of the Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) of its sister concern due to an inadvertent error made by vendor mentioning the taxpayer’s Permanent Account Number (PAN) in the TDS certificate due to which TDS credit was reflected in the taxpayer’s Form 26AS instead of Form 26AS of the sister concern. The benefit of the TDS certificate was not availed by the sister concern.

The High Court observed that TDS credit was not availed by the sister concern and hence the tax department cannot deny the taxpayer’s TDS claim on a mere technical ground that corresponding income was not that of the taxpayer. The High Court also observed that Rule 37BA of the Income-tax Rules, 1962 (the Rules) envisages grant of TDS credit to entities other than the deductee. Therefore, the taxpayer is entitled to TDS credit.

Facts of the case

  • The taxpayer derived income from the business of erection, commissioning and installation of towers on a contract basis. During the year under consideration, the taxpayer filed its return of income. In the return of income, the taxpayer had claimed a credit of all TDS certificates, including that related to its sister concern but the income of the sister concern was not reflected in the taxpayer’s Profit and Loss Account.
  • The vendor billed its sister concern for the work but had mistakenly mentioned the taxpayer’s PAN in the TDS certificate, thus, inadvertently crediting its TDS account in the 26AS statement of the taxpayer which is PAN based. The taxpayer stated that the benefit of the TDS certificate mistakenly issued in its PAN had not been availed by its sister concern.
  • The Assessing Officer (AO) rejected the TDS claim relying on Section 1992 of the Income-tax Act, 1961 (the Act) and held that the TDS credit should be allowed to the person from whose income the deduction was made. Therefore, the taxpayer instead of claiming the TDS credit which did not belong to it should have approached the vendors for correction of their record.
  • The Commissioner of Income Tax (Appeals) [CIT(A)] and Income-tax Appellate Tribunal(the Tribunal) allowed the TDS claim.

High Court’s ruling

  • The tax department relied on the phrase ‘shall be treated as a payment of tax on behalf of the person from whose income the deduction was made’ to contend that the taxpayer’s TDS claim cannot be based on the receipts of its sister concern. However, the taxpayer claimed that TDS claim has not been availed by its sister concern. The tax department, having assessed the sister concern’s income in respect of such TDS claim cannot now deny the taxpayer’s claim on mere technical grounds that the income in respect of the said TDS claim was not that of the taxpayer. Further, the sister concern has not raised any objection with regard to the taxpayer’s TDS claim.
  • The High Court relied on the decision of the Andhra Pradesh High Court in the case of Bhooratnam3, where the Andhra Pradesh High Court held that the taxpayer is entitled to the TDS credit mentioned in the TDS certificates issued by the contractor, whether the said certificate is issued in the name of the Joint Venture or in the name of a director of the taxpayer.
  • It has been observed that the provisions of Rule 37BA of the Rules envisage grant of TDS credit to entities other than the deductee. Rule 37BA of the Rules is not directly applicable to the facts of the present case, but reliance placed on Rule 37BA of the Rules is merely to demonstrate that not in all circumstances TDS credit is given to the deductee.
  • The High Court relied on the well-settled dictum that procedure is the handmaid of justice, and it cannot be used to hamper the cause of justice. Therefore, the tax department’s contention that the taxpayer, instead of claiming the entire TDS amount, ought to have sought a correction of the vendor’s mistake, would unnecessarily prolong the entire process of seeking a refund based on TDS credit.


Basic principles of TDS Compliance

The following are the basic principles of TDS compliance:

  1. Deduction/ Collection of Tax at Correct Rates.
  2. Timely Deposit of Tax Deducted at Source.
  3. Accurate Reporting of data related to tax deductions/ collections made.
  4. Submission of TDS Statements within the due dates.
  5. Verification and Issuance of TDS Certificates within time.
  6. CPC (TDS) is now sending “Intermediate Default Communication” for PAN Errors and Short Payments, which can be corrected during the interim period of a week of filing TDS Statements, before CPC (TDS) proceeds with computing Defaults for the relevant statement.
  7. User-friendly Online Correction facility can be used for Correction of Deductees, Tagging Unmatched Challans and Payment of Fees/ Interest. (Please navigate to Defaults tab to locate Request for Correction from the drop-down menu. For any assistance, please refer to the e-tutorial available on TRACES).
  8. Aggregated TDS Compliance Report assists the PAN of the Deductor to administer TDS Defaults for associated TANs and to take appropriate action.
  9. The Deductor’s Dashboard provides you all necessary information to assist you in “Compliance Self-Assessment” and to take appropriate action.
  10. Non-filing Self-declaration can be made by navigating to Statements / Payments menu and submit details under Declaration for Non-Filing of Statements.
  11. PAN Verification and Consolidated TAN – PAN File facility on TRACES can be used for verifying the deductees.
  12. The Conso Files and Justification Reports downloaded from TRACES help you to identify errors in submission of revised Quarterly TDS Statements.

Black money: Upto Rs 15 lakh award for information against tax defaulters

NEW DELHI: The Income Tax department has brought out new guidelines to award secret informers providing actionable clue about “untraceable” assesses who owe huge taxes and money to government including in TDS and self assessment Tax category.

The department last week issued a set of new instructions to all its offices in the country stating any person who provides credible inputs against a declared defaulter would be rewarded a 10 per cent booty of tax realised from such an entity, but upto a maximum limit of Rs 15 lakh.

The new guidelines, effective from the last and current financial year, have been issued by the CBDT keeping in mind the huge challenge of tackling black funds in the country and at the same time boosting the revenue kitty.

The informant, whose identity would be kept secret except in cases where law requires, will just have to give inputs “supported by facts and documents”.

The +department has, at the same time, made it clear that no “speculation, vague or inputs of general nature and educated guess” will be entertained in this regard.

The guidelines state that any information about such assesses who are either not traceable or have stated inadequate assets to pay due taxes will be covered under the scheme brought out after high-level deliberations in the government including with the Special Investigation Team on black money.

For the first time, the guidelines accessed by PTI state, any default of Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) or self assessment  tax by an entity for over 6 months and about which the I-T department has publicly declared the default, will be covered under the scheme for ‘informers’ or people in the know to inform the taxman about.

“Any specific or credible information of the whereabouts or assets of the person, on or after March 31, 2015 which results in the collection of taxes, penalities, interest or other amounts not exceeding 10 per cent of the tax realised which is directly attributable to the information or documents supplied by the informant, subject to a ceiling of Rs 15 lakh” will be covered under the new guidelines.

A provision has also been kept to enhance this reward in exceptional cases after the approval of the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT), the apex policy making body of the tax department.

The I-T department, beginning this year, had also begun the practise of ‘naming and shaming’ big tax defaulters in the country by publishing their names, addresses and income tax dues in newspapers.

Till now, a senior officer in the department said, names of about 50 such large defaulters have been publicised who have a pending tax liability of close to Rs 2,000 crore.

“More such names, including those under the TDS and self assessment tax category, are in the offing,” the officer said.

The department has been told to ensure the secrecy of the indentity of the informer by allotting a unique number to them for communication.

The department, the officer said, is leaving no stone unturned to mount additional measures in combating stash funds of Indians both within and outside the country and hence these newer strategies and methods are being undertaken.

Source: Economic Times

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